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Prior to 1998 I had a 20 inch deep tub dug into the ground with a pump and waterfall. In April of 1998 I discarded the tub, dug the hole larger and deeper. I now have a 30 inch deep pond, that is approximately 8' x 8', lined with EPDM, with a shelf for shallow water plants on two of the sides. I have added a pump and waterfall. The volume is approximately 1050 American gallons.
When digging the hole I used a spirit level to try and keep the sides equal. I used the soil I dug out to build up the sides. The soil is clay and works well for this. I lined the hole with carpet scraps to avoid root or other sharp objects puncturing the liner. The liner is very sturdy but light enough for me to handle by myself, although another person helping would be nice.
After the liner was in place I filled it with water (watched the water meter go to 1044 gallons - Canadian). The next step was to line the edges with flat stones (my choice of edging). These stones cover the edges of the liner and should be on a solid level surface. Then I backfilled in around the stones with good fast draining topsoil.
The hard part was done and now the fun of planting in and around the pond could begin.
I read quite a few books and looked at many pictures to figure out what I wanted and how to accomplish my plans for the pond.
On April 24, 2019, I bought a new Aquascape Ultra water pump Model 800, which is to pump 800 gph, for $183.89 from Wildwood Outdoor Living (Cannor). I got a few parts I needed to connect it to the waterfall on the splitter, from Bartle and Gibson. Hooked it all up and set the flow to go out to the waterfall, attached the old filter, put it all into a plastic mesh bag, attached to a string so I can bring it up without pulling on the cord. Plugged the cord into the additional plugin post (the 25 ft. cord is not long enough to reach the plugin) and turned it on. The flow is just right. I will have to be more vigilant about keeping the filter clean as the flow has slowed down a bit now on May 9th.
On June 21, 2019, I bought a Floating solar fountain from Wildwood Nurseries (Cannor) for $21.00. It was marked at $60.00, so who could resist? Its battery runs on the energy from its little solar panel. Its a cute little gizmo for the pond, and adds a bit more aeration to the water. It needs to be in the direct sun to work, though.
On December 11, 2020 I ordered a Pond Boss Spillway: Dimensions: 14.5 in. x 10.5 in. x 6 in. (L x W x H) with 8 in. spillway opening. Fits 3/4 and 1 in. ID tubing, on ebay. Cost $58.80 USD - approximately $75.13 CAD. Might get it before the end of the year.
My pond is under the branches of an old plum tree. Not the best location, but it is the best spot I have for it in my garden. The water fall is approximately 2 feet above the surface and runs over rocks that I have set into cement over pond liner to keep the water loss to a minimum.
I have 2 water lilies, water hawthorn, marsh marigolds, a lovely iris, minature cattails, sweet flag, bog bean and oxygenating plants. I had stocked the pond with gold fish, shubunkins and a few koi. The racoons, otter, herons and other predators seem to have depleted the stock of fish. The fish have reproduced but I still do not have very many. I restock them now in the spring but only with goldfish, as koi are too expensive for racoon food.
I clean the pond out about every second year. I am on my second pump, as I run the pump all year - 24/7. The edges are beginning to erode as I did not put down a base of cement and the rocks slide into the pond or the animals knock them in.
I have two other water features. One is
in the front garden. It is a half barrel with liner. It
has a white water iris, 2 or 3 fish, and a mermaid statue
in it. The other tub is plastic made to look like cement
and it sits on my deck. It has a lovely yellow miniature
water lily and the required few fish to keep any
mosquitoes in check. All the water features must be
topped up weekly due to evaporation.
In mid-April, 2021 a great blue heron ate all of my beautifull fish. The end of June and beginning of July I added 4 (2-3")commets - 2 white, 2 gold with 1 gold one for the tub, from Cannor. In emptying the tub from in the woodland I found that there was 1 of the goldfish in there. Beginning of July 2021 I got 4 feeder goldfish (about 1 inch long) and 2 (3 - 4") shubunkins from Creatures. On July the 4th I waded into the pond and dredged out a couple of small pailsfull of dead leaves, twigs, etc. Clipped the dead blossoms and leaves off the water plants. I threw the out the rocks that had fallen into the pond. Skimmed off the pond. Then I levelled the rocks along the deck side, and put the dead leaves, etc along the side of these rocks by the Wulfenie plants. So, as of July 4, 2021, I have 8 goldfish, and 2 big shubunkins in the pond. Elvis lives, again in the deck tub. The water is brownish. I hope this helps clean up the green algae bloom. I had purchased some Disolv stuff to add to the water, earlier. I do hope this clean up does the trick.
I have attempted to create a tiny Japanese style garden around the pond. I want to extend this look to the space under the deck that is now looking rather sparse and bare in spots.
On the west side of the pond I have a 'dry stream' that starts in a tiny pond of pea gravel and runs back under the deck. The lantern sits in the tiny dry pond surrounded by rocks, a big rhodo, ferns, moss, a lovely mossy rock, a small cut leaf, red Japanese maple, minature bamboo, mountain azalyea, a spruce that remains small and tightly held together, snow drops in the spring, too many violets, a miniature boxwood that keeps itself in check, plus a few other smaller precious plants. Right next to the pond a small Lebanon cedar overhangs the pond. There are cement blocks along 3 edges for firm footing. The fourth edge is next to the waterfall and 'there be dragons' It has a larger evergreen, sedum, lambs ears, and is quite wild. The north side is very tame with small round, clipped boxwood in front of yews. The south side is in shade and borders the deck and the west mossy area. The southwest has a large cedar hedge at the boundary of my propety.
I have some choice edging rock/alpine plants that are spreading to cover the 'rock necklace' of my pond.
This area needs quite a bit of attention to keep it looking right. It is mostly shaded and is a good counterpoint to the water in the pond. Its a very relaxing, shady place to sit and think or rest.
Since the revision of this page in 2017, the area surrouding the pond that I am calling the Japanese like area has had many corrections/renovations. The rhodo has been removed and replaced with cement blocks as an observation spot. At the back of this spot more stepping stones lead under the deck. The moss and ferns are growing nicely here along with other plants that like to live in the shade. The little boxwood has also been removed as it has outgrown the space allowed for it. The little cedar remains just in front of the Japanese lantern, which is now covered with moss. The dry stream is becoming nicely lined with moss as it curves under the deck and gets lost under the ferns and ends at a mossy log.
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Last revised: January 30, 2021